[main] : [Excavations] : [Tell Aray] [Tell Abd el-Aziz] [Tell el-Kerkh]

Tell Aray 1 is the largest mound of three tells of Aray measuring 320x185m with a maximum height of 24m above the alluvial plain of the old lake. During 1991 and 1992, a 20x5m step trench was set up on the eastern slope of the tell. The trench was divided into four 5x5m grids: E4A, E4B, E5A and E5B from west to east. Twenty-five layers were recognized and named layer 1 to 25 from the surface downward. Virgin soil was only met in the bottom of grid E5B. These layers are roughly divided into four periods.

Layers 25 to 18 attribute to El-Rouj 2c period, which corresponds to the middle phase of Pottery Neolithic. A series of stone rows of building foundations and ash pits were uncovered. The most conspicuous feature was the cutting slope dug into the virgin soil and bedrock. The limitations of our excavations prevented us from identifying the character of this cutting slope, but it can be considered that it was a ditch or moat, which encircled the settlement.

Layers 17 to 16 showed some transitional aspect.

Layers 15 to 9 belong to El-Rouj 2d and 3 periods: late Pottery Neolithic and Halaf contemporary periods. Narrow rows of stones, ash pits, a kiln-like structure, and plastered floors were found in these layers.

Layers 8 to 1 are Early Bronze Age deposits. In layer 8, a 1.5m wide wall foundation was recovered. It was made of large stones running north to south. Along the eastern side of the wall foundation, a ditch, 2.8m wide and 1m deep, was also found. It seems that this structure was probably the foundation of a town wall.



Halaf and Pottery Neolithic
Chipped stones
Ground stones
Other objects

Copyright (c) 2000, Univ. of Tsukuba Archaeological Missions to Syria. All rights reserved.
Currently designed and constructed by Shannon Gibbs, Osamu MAEDA.
Last edited 25th of December 2000